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What are the commonly used disinfectants?

  • 20 Feb 2020 05 Nov 2021
  • Admin
What are the commonly used disinfectants?

   Disinfection is essential to maintain hygiene to reduce infection. Today we talked about common disinfectants. Four commonly used medical disinfectants include ether, 75% ethanol, chlorine disinfectant and peroxyacetic acid. These solvents can effectively kill viruses.

   If you want to disinfect at home, you can use 75% alcohol or 84 disinfectant. When the weather is good, you can often dry the clothes at home, maintain ventilation and maintain airflow. The new type of new coronavirus pneumonia virus is not very resistant and easy to be killed. You can use a sterilizer for disinfection at home regularly, or you can boil it to 100 to effectively kill the virus. Also pay attention to the cooked food when eating. Wash your hands before meals and protect yourself.

  The main contents of disinfectants commonly used in households are as follows.

  The general chemical of household disinfectant is divided into sodium hypochlorite (84 disinfectant), quaternary ammonium salt (94 disinfectant), chloro-m-xylenol (Dettol disinfectant, Willus disinfectant) and so on.

   These household disinfectants can generally be found in supermarkets, generally you can buy a bottle for no more than 10 yuan.

   Note: 84 disinfectant can not be used together with the toilet cleaning order. Because the sodium hypochlorite in 84 disinfectant reacts with the hydrochloric acid in the toilet cleaning order, chlorine gas will be generated, resulting in poisoning!


  General purpose disinfectant

   1. 84 disinfectant, peracetic acid

   is mainly used for disinfection of floors, walls, windows, etc. in public places such as hospitals. It is highly corrosive and not suitable for household use. The car compartment can be disinfected with 0.5% peroxyacetic acid solution. Household washing machines can be disinfected with 84 disinfectant every two to three months.

   2.94 disinfectant

   compound quaternary ammonium salt is the main component, non-toxic, odorless, non-corrosive, non-irritating, and can kill intestinal pathogenic bacteria, pyogenic cocci and dental yeast. It can quickly kill bacteria and viruses on the surface of various utensils and objects such as fruits, clothes, tableware, etc.

  3. Bleaching agent

  The liquid made with 1% ~ 3% bleaching powder can be used to spray or wipe the bathroom and toilet. 0.5% bleaching powder can hold cups, sputum, toilets, contaminated clothes, etc.

  4. Potassium Permanganate

   is suitable for disinfection of fruits and vegetables, but the soaking time must be more than 5 minutes.

  Related Summary of Commonly Used Disinfectants

  Different disinfectants are suitable for different scenarios, and there are more considerations in the selection and use process. E.g:

  (1) Hand washing and disinfection: 75% alcohol, benzochloroquine, iodine/polyketone iodine are recommended.

  (2) Office supplies, household items and other props: 75% alcohol, benzalkonium chloride, drops/Willows are recommended.

  (3) Large equipment, such as stoves, refrigerators, tables and chairs, etc.: Benzalkonium chloride solution is recommended.

  (4) Indoor home floors, walls, toilets and other environments: Benjamin's chlorine solution is recommended.

  (5) Public environment: public toilets, hospital roads, office lobbies, elevators, etc.: 84 disinfectant and benzalkonium chloride solution are recommended.

  (6) Wound disinfection: Iodophor, benzalkonium chloride solution, etc. are recommended.

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